Chekhov's museum in Badenveyler (Germany)
Badenveyler Chekhov held the last month of his life, and died
July 15 1904. In August 1998 has opened the only Chekhov's
museum in the Western world. The museum has been named Chekhov's
salon. There are annually author's readings, discussions,
creative writers from different countries meetings, a theatrical
presentations, in the museum
On the fifth of June 1904 Anton Pavlovich Chekhov and his wife
arrived to Berlin. Here are his first and unchanged impressions
of Germany : the clarity and honesty, cheap living, managerial
and purity, excellent bread, butter, beer, lamb and oatmeal -
and equally the absence of style in clothes German ladies.
"Everyone's health is great", so he wrote a few days later in
Badenveyler - beautiful and calm resort in Shvarzcval,
exactly halfway between the German Freyburgom (Frayburgom) and
the Swiss Basel.
Two Chekhov's last letters dated June 28, 1904: caught unawares
by the hot weather, Chekhov complains of his raised temperature
and of his short breath, and of his stomach, and of Badenveyler
( "What a boring German resort !.."), and, as usual, "There is
no any styled clothes on the German women, it's very boring"
He didn't write any more letter from here. At 3:00 am July 15,
1904, weakened by the sudden onslaught of their disease (headed
by tuberculosis), he drank a champagne, with the words : "Ich
sterbe ..." - Chekhov died.
"Chekhov's salon in Badenveyler"
Chekhov's saloon was opened in 1998.
It continues the tradition of literary salons of the 19th
century as a centre for spiritual experiences, knowledge and
discoveries in the field of culture. Each division has its own
"museum" tells their story.
On the verge of the century, about one in 1900, Russia and
Germany were closely linked not only by the dynasty, but also
cultural, economic ties. Approximately 10% of all visitors
thermal spa Badenveyler were citizens of the Russian Empire. And
in 1904 a seriously ill Chekhov also come here, where he died a
few weeks of pulmonary disease, which has already suffered more
than twenty years.
After 4 years after his death, fans and friends of the Russians
talent writer, including the famous Moscow Art Theatre director
Konstantin Stanislavsky, erected a monument in Badenveyler,
devoted to Anton Pavlovich Chekhov - the first monument to the
great writer. This was also the first monument to Russian man
away from the home. At the time, cosmopolitanism love for the
arts, tolerance wins steadily growing nationalist arrogance
Wilhelm's empire. Even a few days before drums guns. World War I
monument Chekhov witnessed the German holiday of friendship,
peace and memories. But later, the world culture "old" Europe in
the West and the East is in distress. And it is suffering and
Chekhov's monument, which sent down for the war effort.
For many years Chekhov and his creativity prey to political
rival forces. Only since 1954, in Badenveyler remember their
lost literary tradition and at the height of the cold war are
taking steps towards reconciliation with the recent military
opponent of the Soviet Union in an effort to restore the memory
of the Russian people AP writer Says.
Further renaissance in the history of Chekhov's Badenveyler
combines numerous activities aimed at paving the way for its
unique "defuse" between East and West, despite the obstacles
often encountered in international politics.
And Badenveyler remained favourable, as Chekhov, starting with
the 1960s, much has been done is a playwright whose plays were
performed at most German scenes.