A.P. Chekhov - In the Graveyard
"THE wind has got up, friends, and it is beginning to get dark.
Hadn't we better take ourselves off before it gets worse?"
The wind was frolicking among the yellow leaves of the old birch
trees, and a shower of thick drops fell upon us from the leaves.
One of our party slipped on the clayey soil, and clutched at a
big grey cross to save himself from falling.
"Yegor Gryaznorukov, titular councillor and cavalier . ." he
read. "I knew that gentleman. He was fond of his wife, he wore
the Stanislav ribbon, and read nothing. . . . His digestion
worked well . . . . life was all right, wasn't it? One would
have thought he had no reason to die, but alas! fate had its eye
on him. . . . The poor fellow fell a victim to his habits of
observation. On one occasion, when he was listening at a
keyhole, he got such a bang on the head from the door that he
sustained concussion of the brain (he had a brain), and died.
And here, under this tombstone, lies a man who from his cradle
detested verses and epigrams. . . . As though to mock him his
whole tombstone is adorned with verses. . . . There is someone
A man in a shabby overcoat, with a shaven, bluish-crimson
countenance, overtook us. He had a bottle under his arm and a
parcel of sausage was sticking out of his pocket.
"Where is the grave of Mushkin, the actor?" he asked us in a
We conducted him towards the grave of Mushkin, the actor, who
had died two years before.
"You are a government clerk, I suppose?" we asked him.
"No, an actor. Nowadays it is difficult to distinguish actors
from clerks of the Consistory. No doubt you have noticed that. .
. . That's typical, but it's not very flattering for the
It was with difficulty that we found the actor's grave. It had
sunken, was overgrown with weeds, and had lost all appearance of
a grave. A cheap, little cross that had begun to rot, and was
covered with green moss blackened by the frost, had an air of
aged dejection and looked, as it were, ailing.
". . . forgotten friend Mushkin . . ." we read.
Time had erased the never, and corrected the falsehood of man.
"A subscription for a monument to him was got up among actors
and journalists, but they drank up the money, the dear fellows .
. ." sighed the actor, bowing down to the ground and touching
the wet earth with his knees and his cap.
"How do you mean, drank it?"
That's very simple. They collected the money, published a
paragraph about it in the newspaper, and spent it on drink. . .
. I don't say it to blame them. . . . I hope it did them good,
dear things! Good health to them, and eternal memory to him."
"Drinking means bad health, and eternal memory nothing but
sadness. God give us remembrance for a time, but eternal memory
-- what next!"
"You are right there. Mushkin was a well-known man, you see;
there were a dozen wreaths on the coffin, and he is already
forgotten. Those to whom he was dear have forgotten him, but
those to whom he did harm remember him. I, for instance, shall
never, never forget him, for I got nothing but harm from him. I
have no love for the deceased."
"What harm did he do you?"
"Great harm," sighed the actor, and an expression of bitter
resentment overspread his face. "To me he was a villain and a
scoundrel -- the Kingdom of Heaven be his! It was through
looking at him and listening to him that I became an actor. By
his art he lured me from the parental home, he enticed me with
the excitements of an actor's life, promised me all sorts of
things -- and brought tears and sorrow. . . . An actor's lot is
a bitter one! I have lost youth, sobriety, and the divine
semblance. . . . I haven't a half-penny to bless myself with, my
shoes are down at heel, my breeches are frayed and patched, and
my face looks as if it had been gnawed by dogs. . . . My head's
full of freethinking and nonsense. . . . He robbed me of my
faith -- my evil genius! It would have been something if I had
had talent, but as it is, I am ruined for nothing. . . . It's
cold, honoured friends. . . . Won't you have some? There is
enough for all. . . . B-r-r-r. . . . Let us drink to the rest of
his soul! Though I don't like him and though he's dead, he was
the only one I had in the world, the only one. It's the last
time I shall visit him. . . . The doctors say I shall soon die
of drink, so here I have come to say good-bye. One must forgive
We left the actor to converse with the dead Mushkin and went on.
It began drizzling a fine cold rain.
At the turning into the principal avenue strewn with gravel, we
met a funeral procession. Four bearers, wearing white calico
sashes and muddy high boots with leaves sticking on them,
carried the brown coffin. It was getting dark and they hastened,
stumbling and shaking their burden. . . .
"We've only been walking here for a couple of hours and that is
the third brought in already. . . . Shall we go home, friends?"
my evil genius: evil spirit (the Romans believed that a man had
two genii, and bad luck was due to his evil genius)